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Leonid Sukhanov
Leonid Sukhanov


A delegate is a type that represents references to methods with a particular parameter list and return type. When you instantiate a delegate, you can associate its instance with any method with a compatible signature and return type. You can invoke (or call) the method through the delegate instance.


Delegates are used to pass methods as arguments to other methods. Event handlers are nothing more than methods that are invoked through delegates. You create a custom method, and a class such as a windows control can call your method when a certain event occurs. The following example shows a delegate declaration:

Any method from any accessible class or struct that matches the delegate type can be assigned to the delegate. The method can be either static or an instance method. This flexibility means you can programmatically change method calls, or plug new code into existing classes.

In the context of method overloading, the signature of a method does not include the return value. But in the context of delegates, the signature does include the return value. In other words, a method must have the same return type as the delegate.

This ability to refer to a method as a parameter makes delegates ideal for defining callback methods. You can write a method that compares two objects in your application. That method can be used in a delegate for a sort algorithm. Because the comparison code is separate from the library, the sort method can be more general.

Function pointers were added to C# 9 for similar scenarios, where you need more control over the calling convention. The code associated with a delegate is invoked using a virtual method added to a delegate type. Using function pointers, you can specify different conventions.

Current or prospective students should contact their local delegates for instructions on how to apply. For a list and contact information of the student's local delegates, please visit or the Maryland State Board of Elections website.

This FAQ addresses how to create delegates for the My NCBI services My Bibliography and SciENcv. For more information on using My Bibliography to manage Public Access Compliance, please see our My Bibliography FAQs here: -bibliography-faq.htm.

As of jQuery 3.0, .delegate() has been deprecated. It was superseded by the .on() method since jQuery 1.7, so its use was already discouraged. For earlier versions, however, it remains the most effective means to use event delegation. More information on event binding and delegation is in the .on() method. In general, these are the equivalent templates for the two methods:

The delegating object is typically a framework object, and the delegate is typically a custom controller object. In a managed memory environment, the delegating object maintains a weak reference to its delegate; in a garbage-collected environment, the receiver maintains a strong reference to its delegate. Examples of delegation abound in the Foundation, UIKit, AppKit, and other Cocoa and Cocoa Touch frameworks.

An example of a delegating object is an instance of the NSWindow class of the AppKit framework. NSWindow declares a protocol, among whose methods is windowShouldClose:. When a user clicks the close box in a window, the window object sends windowShouldClose: to its delegate to ask it to confirm the closure of the window. The delegate returns a Boolean value, thereby controlling the behavior of the window object.

The delegate of most Cocoa framework classes is automatically registered as an observer of notifications posted by the delegating object. The delegate need only implement a notification method declared by the framework class to receive a particular notification message. Following the example above, a window object posts an NSWindowWillCloseNotification to observers but sends a windowShouldClose: message to its delegate.

A data source is almost identical to a delegate. The difference is in the relationship with the delegating object. Instead of being delegated control of the user interface, a data source is delegated control of data. The delegating object, typically a view object such as a table view, holds a reference to its data source and occasionally asks it for the data it should display. A data source, like a delegate, must adopt a protocol and implement at minimum the required methods of that protocol. Data sources are responsible for managing the memory of the model objects they give to the delegating view.

Before introducing a new aircraft into commercial service, a manufacturer must get certification by the FAA that an aircraft meets aviation safety standards. In programs lasting typically three-to five years, the manufacturers must supply FAA with detailed analyses and produce a prototype of the aircraft. The Federal Aviation Act of 1958 was the original statute allowing FAA to delegate activities, as the agency thinks necessary, to approved private people employed by aircraft manufacturers. Although paid by the manufacturers, these designees act as surrogates for FAA in examining aircraft designs, production quality, and airworthiness. The FAA is responsible for overseeing the designees' work and determining whether the designs meet FAA requirements for safety.

NPR and the Associated Press are keeping track of who has the most delegates throughout the primary season. At the Democratic National Convention in July, those delegates will choose a nominee for the party.

Former Vice President Joe Biden has been the last active Democratic candidate running to face off against President Trump in November since April, but at that point he was still far short of the 1,991 delegates needed to officially secure the party's presidential nomination.

Candidates' totals have changed due to party rules that make those who have dropped out of the race ineligible to receive delegates in certain cases. Some delegates earned by former candidates Pete Buttigieg, Elizabeth Warren and Mike Bloomberg have been transferred to Biden.

However, the campaigns of Biden and Vermont Sen. Bernie Sanders came to an agreement that allows Sanders supporters to hold the delegate slots he would have received. Therefore, the AP has not adjusted the Sanders delegate counts.

Only have a few delegates to add or delete? You should make those delegate changes within the Concur Travel & Expense System. Refer to the Step-by-Step Guide Identifying Delegates for further information.

Throughout Wisconsin, there are 72 counties, and within each of the 72 counties are five Conservation Congress delegates or members. The members have been elected to represent their counties' interests in natural resources by local citizens in attendance at the Annual DNR Spring Fish Wildlife Rules Hearing and Conservation Congress County Meeting.

Primary User:Primary User maintains the entire online account and provides access to delegate users. There can only be one Primary User for each account. The Arizona Department of Revenue recommends that this be an officer/owner of the business.

The Department of Family and Support Services supports human services that enhance the lives of Chicago residents, particularly those in need, from birth to the senior years. A list of delegate agencies, site locations and contact information is provided.

Delegate Access goes beyond just sharing access to your folders. Delegates are granted additional permissions, such as creating email messages or responding to meeting requests on your behalf. See Manage another person's mail and calendar items to learn how delegates can perform these tasks.

As the person granting permission, you determine the level of access that the delegate has to your folders. You can grant a delegate permission to read items in your folders or to read, create, change, and delete items. By default, when you add a delegate, the delegate has full access to your Calendar and Tasks folders. The delegate can also respond to meeting requests on your behalf.

Author With this permission, the delegate can read and create items, and change and delete items that he or she creates. For example, a delegate can create task requests and meeting requests directly in your Task or Calendar folder and then send the item on your behalf.

If a delegate needs permission to work only with meeting requests and responses, the default permission settings, such as Delegate receives copies of meeting-related messages sent to me, are sufficient. You can leave the Inbox permission setting at None. Meeting requests and responses will go directly to the delegate's Inbox.

If you have assigned permissions to a delegate so that he or she can access your Outlook folders, you can hide personal information in appointments, meetings, tasks, and contacts. Open each personal item, and in the Tags group, click Private.

The Delegate Assembly is the representative, decision-making body through which NASW members set broad organizational policy, establish program priorities, and develop a collective stance on public and professional issues. The Delegate Assembly is comprised of 220 elected delegates, including the NASW Board of Directors. In addition, the NASW CEO and chapter executive directors are nonvoting delegates, making a total of 277 delegates. Article V of the National Bylaws addresses Delegate Assembly.

On behalf of the 2023 Delegate Assembly Planning Task Force (DAPTF), I have the privilege of welcoming you to the Delegate Assembly process. As delegates and leaders in the profession, you have a vital role in setting the strategic vision and policies of the Association.The Delegate Assembly Planning Task Force is responsible for developing guidelines for conducting the work of the Assembly. In addition, the DAPTF offers support and training to enhance the participation of delegates.

Throughout the Delegate Assembly, the NASW website maintains up-to-date information for new and revised policy statements, program priority goals, and potential Code of Ethics or Bylaws revisions. Delegate participation is critical every step of the way. To that end, becoming familiar with the Delegate Assembly website and other virtual environments will be key to your participation. Training will be provided to delegates to enable full participation in the virtual tools for the culminating meeting. 041b061a72


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